Editor's Note: This post was originally published June 2015 and has recently been updated and revised for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
The loud chatter of a team of IT security professionals seated at a long table filled the room at Camp Pendleton in San Diego County, California. In a day’s work of responding to red flags at the seven Marine bases under their purview, it’s not out of the ordinary for that chatter to turn to yelling. Rarely does a day go by when cybersecurity specialist Ralph Lazaro and the rest of his team are not putting out fires. Sometimes it’s because someone less-than-tech savvy has plugged in his phone at one of the bases, not realizing that smartphones are data storage devices with the potential to carry malware. Other times it’s because a patch or update needs to be installed at a remote base to make sure systems aren’t left vulnerable. The stakes are always high when working in cybersecurity at Camp Pendleton, even when the tasks are routine.